Caffeine in tea, coffee may be equally risky to fetus (NEW!)

Pregnant women who consume caffeine - whether it's from coffee or tea - have smaller babies than those who abstain from the stimulant during pregnancy, new research suggests. Even women who took in less than 200 milligrams of caffeine, the safe cutoff during pregnancy according to the American...

Infants born to obese mothers risk developing liver disease, obesity (NEW!)

Infant gut microbes altered by their mother's obesity can cause inflammation and other major changes within the baby, increasing the risk of obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease later in life, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

Omega-3 and pregnancy: New Cochrane Review reveals reduced risk of pre-term births (NEW!)

Increasing omega‐3 intake during pregnancy, either through supplements or in foods, may reduce the incidence of pre-term births and the likelihood of having a baby with a low birthweight, according to a new Cochrane Review.

Babies' brain development may not depend on sleeping through the night (NEW!)

Infants who don’t sleep through the night don’t seem to be at higher risk for cognitive or motor development problems, a Canadian study suggests.

Trial finds diet rich in fish helps fight asthma (NEW!)

Summary: A clinical trial led by La Trobe University has shown eating fish such as salmon, trout and sardines as part of a healthy diet can reduce asthma symptoms in children. The international study found children with asthma who followed a healthy Mediterranean diet enriched with fatty fish had...

Regular omega-3 intake during pregnancy could boost baby brain and vision

Women could enhance the development of their unborn child's eyesight and brain function by regularly eating omega-3 rich fatty fish during pregnancy, say researchers from Finland. 

Traditional diets may be better for children's gut microbiome than modern foods: Japanese-Thai study

Modern dietary changes have affected gut microbiota functionality in children, who might benefit from more traditional, plant-based diets, according to researchers in Japan and Thailand. Globalisation in the food industry has led to fewer people consuming traditional diets, a pattern...

Infant microbiome: First gut bacteria may have ‘lasting impact’ on risk of chronic diseases

The order in which certain bacterial groups arrive in our gut after birth may have a lasting impact on how our microbiome looks in adulthood – and may be linked to later risk of chronic diseases, say researchers. 

The findings, reported in eLife​, show that the first bacteria...

Stress over fussy eating prompts parents to pressure or reward at mealtime

Although fussy eating is developmentally normal and transient phase for most children, the behavior can be stressful for parents. A new study published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior found that concern over fussy eating prompts both mothers and fathers to use non-responsive...

Gut metabolite profiles may provide insights into how NEC happens

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious disease mediated by an inflammatory process that leads to intestinal damage and sometimes death. It is rare in full term babies, but it occurs more often in preterm infants. The earlier before full term the infant is born, the higher the risk of...
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The Learning Lead

Early Life Nutrition May Influence Developmental Myelination and Cognition

Previous studies have shown both the differences in myelination between exclusively breastfed and exclusively formula-fed infants. This  milestone publication also looks at how the varying...

Videos

Everyone's talking about human milk oligosaccharides (NEW!)

The early-life gut microbiome is important for the development of immune competence in newborn infants. Mode of delivery, perinatal antibiotic use and diet are most influential to this end....

Publications

Low Birth Weight Tied to Later-Life Diabetes

Two large prospective cohort studies from Shanghai, China showed that the risk of type 2 diabetes was higher among both men and women of low birthweight later in life, with a trend toward increased...