Traditional diets may be better for children's gut microbiome than modern foods: Japanese-Thai study

Modern dietary changes have affected gut microbiota functionality in children, who might benefit from more traditional, plant-based diets, according to researchers in Japan and Thailand. Globalisation in the food industry has led to fewer people consuming traditional diets, a pattern...

Infant microbiome: First gut bacteria may have ‘lasting impact’ on risk of chronic diseases

The order in which certain bacterial groups arrive in our gut after birth may have a lasting impact on how our microbiome looks in adulthood – and may be linked to later risk of chronic diseases, say researchers. 

The findings, reported in eLife​, show that the first bacteria...

What you eat while pregnant may affect your baby's gut

mother's diet during pregnancy may have an effect on the composition of her baby's gut microbiome - the community of bacteria living in the gut - and the effect may vary by delivery mode, according to study published in the open access journal Microbiome.

Everyone's talking about human milk oligosaccharides (NEW!)

The early-life gut microbiome is important for the development of immune competence in newborn infants. Mode of delivery, perinatal antibiotic use and diet are most influential to this end. Breastfeeding is associated with lower risk of gastrointestinal and respiratory infections, and possibly...

Family risk for childhood asthma may involve microbes found in baby's digestive tract (NEW!)

A new University of Alberta study shows that the family risk for asthma - typically passed from moms to babies-may not be a result of genetics alone: it may also involve the microbes found in a baby's digestive tract.

Hot Topics - Maintaining A Healthy Microbiome (NEW!)

Describing the gut as a functional ecosystem and discussing pre- and probiotics, and their current health aspect drivers and emerging health benefits.

Prebiotics And Gut Health: Friends In Low Places (NEW!)

Discussing the influence of the microbiome on digestive and other illnesses and prebiotics’ role in overall health of infants, children, and adults.

Paediatric Applications of Prebiotics (NEW!)

Bacteria are prevalent in the human gut as part of the gut microbiome. Most have a benign effect; however some may cause disorder and others are positive for our health. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are uniquely found in human milk and represent the third largest component. HMO are thought...

The Role of Oligosaccharides on the Immune System and Long-term Outcomes

The viewer should have an augmented understanding of the importance of oligosaccharides in human health.

The Host Defense Proteome Of Human And Bovine Milk

First detailed analysis of milk host defense proteins, important in understanding their function in the development of the immune system.
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The Learning Lead

Early Life Nutrition May Influence Developmental Myelination and Cognition

Previous studies have shown both the differences in myelination between exclusively breastfed and exclusively formula-fed infants. This  milestone publication also looks at how the varying...

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Everyone's talking about human milk oligosaccharides (NEW!)

The early-life gut microbiome is important for the development of immune competence in newborn infants. Mode of delivery, perinatal antibiotic use and diet are most influential to this end....

Publications

Low Birth Weight Tied to Later-Life Diabetes

Two large prospective cohort studies from Shanghai, China showed that the risk of type 2 diabetes was higher among both men and women of low birthweight later in life, with a trend toward increased...