Paediatric Applications of Prebiotics (NEW!)

Bacteria are prevalent in the human gut as part of the gut microbiome. Most have a benign effect; however some may cause disorder and others are positive for our health. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are uniquely found in human milk and represent the third largest component. HMO are thought...

The Possible Role of Gut Microbiota in Infant Diseases (NEW!)

Nutrition and lifestyle during pregnancy and infancy can affect a range of different bodily functions, some increasing the likelihood of disease later in life. Neonatal colonization of the intestinal microbiota may be influenced by duration of gestation, mode of feeding, mode of delivery, birth...

Necrotising Enterocolitis and the Preterm Microbiome (NEW!)

Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating inflammatory condition of the gut that primarily affects preterm infants. Whilst the aetiology varies from case to case, recent data show that the onset of NEC is closely associated with the pattern of gut microbiota, especially in the few days...
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The Learning Lead

Early Life Nutrition May Influence Developmental Myelination and Cognition

Previous studies have shown both the differences in myelination between exclusively breastfed and exclusively formula-fed infants. This  milestone publication also looks at how the varying...

Videos

Everyone's talking about human milk oligosaccharides (NEW!)

The early-life gut microbiome is important for the development of immune competence in newborn infants. Mode of delivery, perinatal antibiotic use and diet are most influential to this end....

Publications

Low Birth Weight Tied to Later-Life Diabetes

Two large prospective cohort studies from Shanghai, China showed that the risk of type 2 diabetes was higher among both men and women of low birthweight later in life, with a trend toward increased...