Premature babies gain protective gut bacterium through breast-feeding (NEW!)

A novel beneficial bacterium found in breast-fed babies has been shown to protect newborn mice from a dangerous intestinal disease that also affects premature infants, University of Florida Health researchers have found.

Necrotising Enterocolitis and the Preterm Microbiome (NEW!)

Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating inflammatory condition of the gut that primarily affects preterm infants. Whilst the aetiology varies from case to case, recent data show that the onset of NEC is closely associated with the pattern of gut microbiota, especially in the few days...

Nutrition and Brain Growth in Preterm Infants (NEW!)

There are more than 15 million preterm infants born globally every year, yet their longer term cognitive outcomes are often below average. The reasons for lower cognitive attainment are complex but are, in part, due to inadequate nutritional status. Failure to provide recommended intakes of...

Hot Topics - Medical Advances In The NICU

Discussing the medical advances in Neonatology in respiratory and neurodevelopment, late preterm outcomes, and the role of nutrition.

Early Nutrition Preterm Infants

Mechanisms that early nutrition impacts later health including metabolic programing, brain development, gut microbiota

Implementation Of Nutritional Strategies Decreases Postnatal Growth Restriction In Preterm Infants

Study reported optimized and individualized nutritional intervention promotes postnatal growth of preterm infants without any effect on % fat mass.

Fecal Microbiota In Premature Infants Prior To Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Study suggested that abnormal patterns of microbiota and potentially a novel pathogen contribute to the etiology of NEC.

Comparison In Outcomes At Two-Years Of Age Of Very Preterm Infants Born

A prospective, comparative study of very preterm born in a French NICU in 2000 2005 and 2010. Improvement in neuromotor and behaviour was reported.

Preterm Nutrition: Effect on Growth, Morbidity and Cognition

Nutrition of extremely preterms is one of the most important areas for improvement in neonatal care. Nutrition of preterm infants can be improved by: Education of physicians, improved parenteral nutrition solutions, prescribing iron drops to all newborns with birth weight < 2500g

Feeding Oligosaccharides (prebiotics) to the Preterm Infant

Importance of feeding prebiotics to preterm infants. To reduction stool viscosity, improvement of gastrointestinal transit, positive effect on gut flora, less serious neonatal infections.
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The Learning Lead

Early Life Nutrition May Infl uence Developmental Myelination and Cognition

Previous studies have shown both the differences in myelination between exclusively breastfed and exclusively formula-fed infants. This  milestone publication also looks at how the varying...


Nutrition and the infant gut microbiota (NEW!)

The infant microbiota colonization process runs in parallel with immune system maturation, affecting intestinal physiology and regulation. Accumulating evidence suggests that microbial exposition...


Maternal omega-3 rich-diet linked to improved infant problem solving

The benefits of omega-3 fatty acids were highlighted again in a Norwegian study that demonstrates the positive effect a maternal diet rich in the oil can have on a child’s problem-solving...