Low Birth Weight Tied to Later-Life Diabetes

Two large prospective cohort studies from Shanghai, China showed that the risk of type 2 diabetes was higher among both men and women of low birthweight later in life, with a trend toward increased risk of hypertension as well.

Maternal omega-3 rich-diet linked to improved infant problem solving

The benefits of omega-3 fatty acids were highlighted again in a Norwegian study that demonstrates the positive effect a maternal diet rich in the oil can have on a child’s problem-solving abilities. The researcher’s findings suggest that a mother’s intake of the omega-3 fatty acid...

What you eat while pregnant may affect your baby's gut

mother's diet during pregnancy may have an effect on the composition of her baby's gut microbiome - the community of bacteria living in the gut - and the effect may vary by delivery mode, according to study published in the open access journal Microbiome.

Healthy eating linked to kids' happiness (NEW!)

Healthy eating is associated with better self-esteem and fewer emotional and peer problems, such as having fewer friends or being picked on or bullied, in children regardless of body weight, according to a new study. Inversely, better self-esteem is associated with better adherence to healthy...

Insufficient evidence to guide recommendations on vitamin D in pregnancy (NEW!)

There is currently insufficient evidence to guide recommendations on the use of vitamin D supplements in pregnancy, conclude researchers in The BMJ today.

Family risk for childhood asthma may involve microbes found in baby's digestive tract (NEW!)

A new University of Alberta study shows that the family risk for asthma - typically passed from moms to babies-may not be a result of genetics alone: it may also involve the microbes found in a baby's digestive tract.

High-fat diet during lactation alters RNA activity in breast milk, research suggests (NEW!)

New research suggests that following a high-fat diet during lactation regardless of diet during pregnancy alters RNA activity in breast milk. The changes in genetic material may increase the risk of metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes in offspring.

UNC launches new study to uncover nutritional impacts on early brain development (NEW!)

Scientists at UNC and UMN embarked on the Baby Connectome Project (BCP), a groundbreaking NIH study launched in 2016 designed to quantitatively map human brain connectivity from birth through...

Brain myelination study in healthy infants (NEW!)

In March 2017, Wyeth Nutrition, in collaboration with the Nestlé Research Center (NRC) in Lausanne, began a nutritional intervention clinical trial in healthy babies to study the effect of myelin-relevant nutrients on cognitive development in the first 24 months of life. The information generated...

Stress hormone may be ‘middle man’ in gut-brain communication

The stress hormone cortisol appears to mediate the link between a common type of gut bacteria and the levels of an abundant brain metabolite, according to a recent animal study in Gut Microbes. The relationship between the abundancy of the bacterial genus Ruminococcus and brain concentration of...
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The Learning Lead

Early Life Nutrition May Influence Developmental Myelination and Cognition

Previous studies have shown both the differences in myelination between exclusively breastfed and exclusively formula-fed infants. This  milestone publication also looks at how the varying...

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Everyone's talking about human milk oligosaccharides (NEW!)

The early-life gut microbiome is important for the development of immune competence in newborn infants. Mode of delivery, perinatal antibiotic use and diet are most influential to this end....

Publications

Low Birth Weight Tied to Later-Life Diabetes

Two large prospective cohort studies from Shanghai, China showed that the risk of type 2 diabetes was higher among both men and women of low birthweight later in life, with a trend toward increased...