This talk describes the interplay between nutrition and proper brain structural, functional, and cognitive development, and the establishment of executive functions
Baby Connectome Project Enriched Study (BCP-Enriched): Evolution of Gut Microbiome during early infancy
The early environment has a long-lasting impact on the brain and behaviour. This section discusses how, through a better understanding of these interconnected systems, we will be able to predict and intervene in targeted and more efficacious ways very early in life, when interventions are most impactful.
High Levels of Both n-3 and n-6 Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Cord Serum Phospholipids Predict Allergy Development
Study found a high proportion of LCPUFAs among cord serum phospholipids was associated with respiratory allergy and sensitization at 13 years of age.
Mechanisms that early nutrition impacts later health including metabolic programing, brain development, gut microbiota, and healthy eating habits.
Discussing the medical advances in Neonatology in respiratory and neurodevelopment, late preterm outcomes, and the role of nutrition.
Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating inflammatory condition of the gut that primarily affects preterm infants. Whilst the aetiology varies from case to case, recent data show that the onset of NEC is closely associated with the pattern of gut microbiota, especially in the few days prior to NEC onset. Recent studies suggest Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs) may be a key component of breast milk associated with reductions in NEC.
The volume of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and calories consumed by very vulnerable preemies significantly contributes to increased brain volume and white matter development, however additional research is needed to determine specific nutritional approaches that best support these infants' developing brains, according to research to be presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2018 annual meeting.
Women could enhance the development of their unborn child's eyesight and brain function by regularly eating omega-3 rich fatty fish during pregnancy, say researchers from Finland.