Necrotising Enterocolitis and the Preterm Microbiome

Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating inflammatory condition of the gut that primarily affects preterm infants. Whilst the aetiology varies from case to case, recent data show that the onset of NEC is closely associated with the pattern of gut microbiota, especially in the few days prior to NEC onset. Recent studies suggest Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs) may be a key component of breast milk associated with reductions in NEC.

Which targeted nutritional approaches can bolster micro-preemies' brain development?

The volume of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and calories consumed by very vulnerable preemies significantly contributes to increased brain volume and white matter development, however additional research is needed to determine specific nutritional approaches that best support these infants' developing brains, according to research to be presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2018 annual meeting.