The powerful connection between nutrition and education has been revealed by new research from ESMT Berlin. Primary school children who attended a public free lunch program over an extended period were shown to have significantly better learning outcomes.
University of Otago researchers have discovered a clue as to why there are changes in the way babies' brains are formed in mothers who are obese during pregnancy, which can potentially lead to an elevated risk of mental illness, including autism spectrum disorders.
The infant microbiota colonization process runs in parallel with immune system maturation, affecting intestinal physiology and regulation. Accumulating evidence suggests that microbial exposition begins before birth (in utero) and continues after birth.
Weight gain in early pregnancy has the greatest impact on infant size at birth, according to a new study published today in Obesity. The study is the largest ever analysis of the effect that weight gain in early pregnancy has on infant size.
The structure and function of the human brain are fundamentally shaped after birth by stimulation from the environment. The greater extent of this post-natal neuroplasticity distinguishes humans from all other animals.