Two large prospective cohort studies from Shanghai, China showed that the risk of type 2 diabetes was higher among both men and women of low birthweight later in life, with a trend toward increased risk of hypertension as well.
Increasing omega‐3 intake during pregnancy, either through supplements or in foods, may reduce the incidence of pre-term births and the likelihood of having a baby with a low birthweight, according to a new Cochrane Review.
Nutrition of extremely preterms is one of the most important areas for improvement in neonatal care. Nutrition of preterm infants can be improved by: Education of physicians, improved parenteral nutrition solutions, prescribing iron drops to all newborns with birth weight < 2500g
There are more than 15 million preterm infants born globally every year, yet their longer term cognitive outcomes are often below average. The reasons for lower cognitive attainment are complex but are, in part, due to inadequate nutritional status.